Title: Demographic delusion and urban violence: a challenge to youth development in Nigeria

Authors: Dickson Ogbonnaya Igwe

Addresses: Department of Criminology and Security Studies, School of Arts and Social Sciences, National Open University of Nigeria Headquarters, 14/16 Ahmadu Bello Way, P.M.B. 80067, Victoria Island Lagos, Nigeria

Abstract: This paper examines demographic delusion and urban violence in Nigeria as challenging youth development efforts. Politics is a game of number. The Nigerian state is an amalgam of several ethnic groups pushing for numerical supremacy for political reasons. Institutional reforms and regional development projects especially youth development has suffered from the politics of demographic statistics and ethnic pluralism. The paper argues that the history of Nigerian demographic data is the history of spurious census data which the ruling class is on top to protect their entrenched interests. It further argued that demographic factors like migration and demographic delusion contribute to urban violence and youth under development. While analysing the etiology and consequences of urban violence, its impact on state capacity and state formation was examined. The paper also explained violence culture in terms of how state and non-state violence actors seek to legitimise violence for selfish and political reasons.

Keywords: numerical supremacy; demographic delusion; nepotism; urban violence; youth development; state capacity; ethnic pluralism; Nigeria; ethnic groups.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2011.044607

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 2011 Vol.11 No.3/4, pp.218 - 230

Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021

Published online: 30 Dec 2011 *

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