Authors: Anthony V. Powell
Addresses: Department of Chemistry, Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh EH14 4AS, UK
Abstract: Solvothermal synthesis, in which an agent such as an organic amine directs the synthesis of an inorganic material, is increasingly used in the preparation of main-group chalcogenides with unusual structural features. Solvothermally-prepared antimony (III) sulphides exhibit a particularly rich structural diversity, owing to the stereochemical effect of the lone pair of electrons associated with Sb(III). Introduction of transition-metal cations into the reaction mixtures leads to further structural complexity and, through judicious choice of amine, can lead to incorporation of the transition-series element into the main-group sulphide matrix.
Keywords: chalcogenides; structure-directed synthesis; crystal structure; solvothermal methods; magnetic properties; nanotechnology; transition metal cations; amine.
International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2011 Vol.8 No.10/11/12, pp.783 - 794
Published online: 23 Dec 2011 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article