Authors: Nityananda Sarma; Sukumar Nandi
Addresses: Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Tezpur University, Tezpur – 784028, India. ' Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati – 781039, India
Abstract: MAC layer plays an important role for providing quality of service in mobile ad hoc networks. Accordingly, a real-time data frame should be provided with higher channel access priority than that of a best-effort data frame. This paper proposes a strict priority-based variant of the IEEE 802.11 DCF for QoS provision at the MAC layer of MANETs. The service differentiation is achieved by two mechanisms: a) a priority-based non-overlapping contention window selection, so that smaller backoff timer values are assigned to real-time data frames to reduce their channel access delay; b) a priority-based queue management and packet scheduling to improve the intra-node service differentiation. Performance of the proposed scheme is investigated for single hop scenarios using a Markov chain model whose accuracy is validated through simulation. Furthermore, simulation studies in multihop scenarios show suitability of the proposed scheme to provide an enhanced level of service differentiation, especially in terms of end-to-end delay and throughput, for supporting QoS at MAC layer of MANETs.
Keywords: quality of service; QoS; mobile ad hoc networks; MANETs; medium access control; MAC; real-time traffic; best-effort traffic; service differentiation; priority-based MAC; contention window selection; queue management; backoff timer resetting; mobile networks; packet scheduling.
International Journal of Communication Networks and Distributed Systems, 2012 Vol.8 No.1/2, pp.149 - 187
Received: 04 Dec 2009
Accepted: 14 Dec 2010
Published online: 17 Dec 2011 *