Authors: Lisa Callagher
Addresses: Department of Management and International Business, University of Auckland Business School, Private Bag 92109, Auckland, New Zealand
Abstract: Search practices for accessing external knowledge are widely recognised as crucial for innovation. Geographic proximity, industrial clusters and relational proximity are argued as providing suitable conditions for searching, especially given the context/situation dependence of search practices. However, their influence on searching in emerging clusters requires elaboration. Taking the practice perspective, this study explores how geographic proximity, cluster life-stage and relational proximity influence search practices. Agents| practices from an emerging biotechnology cluster are compared to practices from existing clusters. Experience-based differences in agents| practices are theorised as regulars and strangers in cultural fields. Implications for cluster life-stage and relational proximity research, and public policy regarding are considered.
Keywords: emerging clusters; industrial clusters; biotechnology; biotech clusters; knowledge access; practice; situated learning; knowledge search; innovation; entrepreneurship; geographic proximity; cluster life stages; relational proximity; cluster management.
International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation Management, 2012 Vol.15 No.1/2, pp.4 - 28
Available online: 02 Dec 2011 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article