Authors: Francesco Scalera; Dashamir Elezi
Addresses: Department of Business and Law Studies, University of Bari 'Aldo Moro', II Faculty of Economics – Taranto, V.B. Grimaldi 15/B – 70123 – Bari, Italy. ' Albanian Sommeliers Association, R.Q. Stafa 47 – Tirana, Albania
Abstract: The current wine sector is characterised by two main producers| groups adopting contrasting management philosophies: the EU traditional producers (Italy and France in the lead) that |sell off to produce| and |The New World of wine| producers (the USA, Australia, etc.) that |produce to sell|. These trends influence each other both strategically and operatively. New small producers like Eastern Europe countries (Romania, Bulgaria, Georgia, Ukraine and Albania) are emerging lately. In light of the above scenario, the present work is aimed at answering the following questions: Which management philosophy have these emerging countries adopted to develop production? Can a new management model be assumed to develop production, or rather, can the former be compared to one of the above-mentioned models? What are the prospects for the near future in these countries, with special reference to Albania? Are they likely to be strong enough to change the balance of the wine sector internationally?
Keywords: international business; wine markets; Italy; United States; USA; Albania; customer satisfaction; exports; international management; management philosophies; EU; European Union; France; new world wines; Australia; Eastern Europe; Romania; Bulgaria; Georgia; Ukraine; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; emerging countries; production development; management models; organisational strategies; globalisation; wine industry; alcohol.
International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2012 Vol.8 No.1, pp.49 - 65
Received: 08 May 2021
Accepted: 12 May 2021
Published online: 15 Nov 2011 *