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Title: Differences in household attitudes on food defence and food safety: an international comparison

Authors: Thomas F. Stinson; Luis Miguel Albisu; Maurizio Canavari; Ronald Larson; Azucena Gracia

Addresses: University of Minnesota, Department of Applied Economics, 1994 Buford Ave., St Paul, MN 55108, USA. ' Unidad de Economía Agroalimentaria y de los Recursos Naturales, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), Avda Montañana 930, 50059, Zaragoza, Spain. ' Dipartimento di Economia e Ingegneria agrarie (DEIAgra), viale Giuseppe Fanin, 50 – I-40127, Bologna, Italy. ' Haworth College of Business, 3120 Schneider Hall, Kalamazoo, MI 49008, USA. ' Unidad de Economía Agroalimentaria y de los Recursos Naturales, Centro de Investigación y Tecnología Agroalimentaria de Aragón (CITA), Avda Montañana 930, 50059, Zaragoza, Spain

Abstract: This paper reports results from a large, six-nation, internet-based survey of consumer attitudes toward food safety and food defence administered during the fall of 2008. Responses were obtained from separate samples of approximately 1,000 each in Germany, Italy, Japan, Spain, the UK, and the USA. Food defence was generally a greater concern, and respondents were less confident that their food supply was well protected against terrorist attack than they were that their food was safe from contamination from naturally occurring pathogens. Respondents also believed a greater percentage of national food protection budgets should be spent on food safety rather than food defence. Processors were considered most responsible for both food safety and food defence, with government also playing a major role in food defence.

Keywords: food defence; food safety; terrorism; multi-lateral cooperation; Germany; Italy; Japan; Spain; UK; United Kingdom; United States; USA; household attitudes; terrorist threat; consumer attitudes; food supply; terrorist attacks; food contamination; food protection.

DOI: 10.1504/IJFSNPH.2011.042573

International Journal of Food Safety, Nutrition and Public Health, 2011 Vol.4 No.1, pp.29 - 44

Available online: 17 Sep 2011 *

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