Title: Determinants of open innovation: an empirical study on organisational, market, and human drivers of open innovation adoption across Europe

Authors: Alexander Schroll, Andreas Mild

Addresses: WU Vienna, Institute for Production Management, Nordbergstrasse 15, A-1090, Vienna, Austria. ' WU Vienna, Institute for Production Management, Nordbergstrasse 15, A-1090, Vienna, Austria

Abstract: Existing literature on open innovation shows the evolving diffusion of open innovation in certain industries and contexts. Also various case studies and theoretical work suggest that the open innovation adoption decision could be triggered by internal and external factors. The current study provides empirical evidence for a set of open innovation drivers. We use data from 180 European firms to link the adoption of open innovation with organisational capabilities, characteristics of the market environment, and human capabilities. The results indicate that open innovation adoption is strongly dependent on the level of technology and the level of hostility in an industry. We also find that organisational variables like the strategic breadth and human capabilities have significant influence on the adoption of open innovation strategies.

Keywords: open innovation adoption; open innovation drivers; market characteristics; empirical study; Europe; open innovation diffusion; organisational capabilities; human capabilities; technology levels; hostility levels.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIRD.2011.042186

International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, 2011 Vol.3 No.5, pp.465 - 485

Published online: 31 Aug 2011 *

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