Title: Will the 'Scandinavian leadership model' survive the forces of globalisation? A swot analysis

Authors: Tor Grenness

Addresses: Norwegian School of Management, N – 0442 Oslo, Norway

Abstract: The main purpose of this paper is to shed some light on the Scandinavian leadership model – what it is perceived to be and the degree to which it will withstand the converging forces of globalisation. A theoretical discussion of culture-based leadership and of the convergence-divergence theories is the focus of the first part of the paper. The empirical part describes the results of a SWOT analysis of the Scandinavian leadership model as evaluated by an international set of executives. The results of the study reveal that Scandinavian and non-Scandinavian managers have somewhat different views on the strengths and weaknesses of the Scandinavian leadership model. However, their views on the perceived threats and opportunities are similar.

Keywords: Scandinavian leadership; SWOT analysis; culture; globalisation; culture-based leadership; convergence-divergence theories.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBG.2011.042062

International Journal of Business and Globalisation, 2011 Vol.7 No.3, pp.332 - 350

Published online: 27 Sep 2014 *

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