Title: The main determinants of inflation of the EU and the US economy: a panel time-series analysis

Authors: Dimitris Kalimeris

Addresses: International European Studies, Alexander Technological Educational Institute of Thessaloniki, Accounting Department, School of Economics and Business, 57400 Greece

Abstract: This paper uses the panel analysis approach to deal with the impact of oil price shocks, unemployment and interest rates on the most fundamental macroeconomic variable, inflation. A data set ranging from 1997 to 2007 is used, separately for the US and the EU economy. In both sets of data, current inflation is heavily affected by unemployment, as expected. The worth noticing difference is that in the US economy, interest rates have a negative relationship with inflation (unlike in the case of the EU), while unemployment plays a more substantial role in the USA in affecting inflation level. Oil prices tend to play a small and distinctive role.

Keywords: inflation determinants; panel analysis; EU economy; US economy; European Union; United States; USA; oil price shocks; unemployment; interest rates; oil prices.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTGM.2011.041762

International Journal of Trade and Global Markets, 2011 Vol.4 No.3, pp.279 - 289

Published online: 08 Apr 2015 *

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