Title: Fragmentation in small-scale confined blasting

Authors: Daniel Johansson, Finn Ouchterlony

Addresses: Division of Mining and Geotechnical Engineering, Lulea University of Technology, SE 97187 Lulea, Sweden. ' Swebrec, Swedish Blasting Research Centre, Lulea University of Technology, Sweden

Abstract: Design of sub-level blasting rounds and optimisation has become more important now when the sizes of the blasting rings get larger. Sufficient fragmentation is one of the key factors, and in confined blasting as in sub-level caving, this influences the mobilisation of the blasted ring. Model scale tests have been made to understand the mechanisms of rock breakage and therefore fragmentation under relatively confined conditions. By using the acoustic impedance between the blasted material and the confining debris, a relationship for fragmentation has been found depending on material, specific charge (powder factor) and physical properties of the debris. The results can be comparable with confined blasting in large scale.

Keywords: confined blasting; fragmentation; sub-level caving; granular material; debris; small-scale blasting; blasting rings; rock breakage; acoustic impedance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMME.2011.041450

International Journal of Mining and Mineral Engineering, 2011 Vol.3 No.1, pp.72 - 94

Published online: 23 Jul 2011 *

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