Title: Biological inspired secure autonomous routing mechanism for wireless sensor networks

Authors: Kashif Saleem, Norsheila Fisal, Muhammad Sharil Abdullah, Sharifah Hafizah Syed Ariffin

Addresses: Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81300-Skudai, Johor, Malaysia. ' Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81300-Skudai, Johor, Malaysia. ' Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81300-Skudai, Johor, Malaysia. ' Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81300-Skudai, Johor, Malaysia

Abstract: The field of wireless sensor network (WSN) is an important and challenging research area today. Advancements in sensor networks enable a wide range of environmental monitoring applications. Multihop routing in WSN is affected by new nodes constantly entering/leaving. Moreover, secure routing is a difficult problem due to the resource limitations in WSN. Thus, biological inspired algorithms are reviewed and enhanced to tackle the problems. Ant routing and human security system have shown excellent performance. Certain parameters as energy level, velocity, packet reception, dropping, mismatch rates and packet sending power are considered while making decision. The decision will come up with the optimal route and also to take best action against security attacks. In this paper, the design and initial work of BIOlogical Inspired Secure Autonomous Routing Protocol (BIOSARP) is presented. The proposed bio-inspired mechanism will meet the enhanced WSN requirements, including better delivery ratio, less energy consumption and routing overhead.

Keywords: ant colony optimisation; ACO; human immune system; multi-agent systems; MAS; agent-based systems; optimal route; self-healing; self-organisation; wireless sensor networks; WSNs; autonomous routing; secure routing; network security; bio-inspired computation; database systems; intelligent information; wireless networks.

DOI: 10.1504/IJIIDS.2011.041321

International Journal of Intelligent Information and Database Systems, 2011 Vol.5 No.4, pp.313 - 337

Received: 30 Nov 2009
Accepted: 19 Oct 2010

Published online: 16 Jul 2011 *

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