Title: Weighted principal component approach for improving surface finish of ABS plastic parts built through fused deposition modelling process

Authors: Anoop Kumar Sood, S.S. Mahapatra, R.K. Ohdar

Addresses: Department of Manufacturing Engineering, National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology, Ranchi 834 003, Jharkhand, India. ' Department of Mechanical Engineering, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela 769008, Orissa, India. ' Department of Forge Technology, National Institute of Foundry and Forge Technology, Ranchi 834 003, Jharkhand, India

Abstract: Fused deposition modelling (FDM) is a fast growing rapid prototyping technology due to its ability to build functional parts having complex geometrical shape in reasonable time period. For general engineering application, the surface finish of FDM processed part is inevitably excessively rough especially on the inclined surfaces of the parts. To minimise the surface roughness, a process improvement strategy through effective control of process parameters needs to be evolved. In this study, effect of five important process parameters, such as layer thickness, orientation, raster angle, raster width and air gap on surface roughness along three surfaces of test specimen, has been studied. Experiments have been conducted based on central composite design so as to reduce experimental runs. Empirical models relating response and process parameters are developed. The validity of the models is tested using analysis of variance and residuals. Experimental results indicate that process parameters and their interactions are different for minimisation of roughness of different surfaces. The surface roughness responses along three surfaces are combined into a single response known as multi-response performance index (MPI) using principal component analysis. Bacterial foraging optimisation algorithm, a latest evolutionary approach, has been adopted to find out best process parameter setting which maximises MPI.

Keywords: rapid prototyping; surface roughness; PCA; principal component analysis; multi-objective optimisation; BFOA; bacteria foraging optimisation algorithm; polymers; extrusion; quality control; surface finish; ABS plastic parts; fused deposition modelling; FDM; surface quality; process parameters; layer thickness; orientation; raster angle; raster width; air gap.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRAPIDM.2011.040687

International Journal of Rapid Manufacturing, 2011 Vol.2 No.1/2, pp.4 - 27

Published online: 16 Jun 2011 *

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