Title: Hardfacing of austenitic stainless steel with nickel-base NiCr alloy

Authors: A.K. Bhaduri, S.K. Albert, C.R. Das, Baldev Raj

Addresses: Materials Technology Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India. ' Materials Joining Section, Materials Technology Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India. ' Materials Joining Section, Materials Technology Division, Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India. ' Indira Gandhi Centre for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603102, India

Abstract: Fast breeder reactors components encounter adhesive/abrasive wear nature and erosion. Hardfacing by weld deposition improves resistance to high temperature wear, especially galling, of mating surfaces in sodium. Based on induced radioactivity rate and shielding considerations, nickel-base E NiCr-B hardfacing alloy was chosen to replace cobalt-base Stellite alloys. Studies on this hardface deposit on austenitic stainless steel substrate demonstrated that deposits after exposure at service temperatures up to 823 K would retain adequate hardness (> RC 40) at end design service-life of 40 years. Also, the plasma transferred arc welding process was chosen for hardfacing to ensure that width of dilution zone could be controlled by optimising deposition parameters. The selection of nickel-base hardfacing alloy and deposition process used for development of hardfacing technology for various components of the Indian prototype fast breeder reactor is discussed.

Keywords: hardfacing alloys; nickel; chromium; NiCr alloys; plasma transferred arc welding; austenitic stainless steel; long-term ageing; hardness; dilution; fast breeder reactors; FBR; India; nuclear reactors; nuclear energy; nuclear power; reactor components; wear resistance; high temperature wear; erosion; weld deposition; radioactivity; shielding.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMMP.2011.040436

International Journal of Microstructure and Materials Properties, 2011 Vol.6 No.1/2, pp.40 - 53

Published online: 27 May 2011 *

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