Title: The role of proximity during long-distance collaborative projects. Temporary geographical proximity helps

Authors: Andre Torre

Addresses: UMR SAD-APT, Agro Paris Tech, 16, rue Claude Bernard, F. 75231 Paris, Cedex 05, France

Abstract: The idea that collaboration is easier between neighbours is nowadays being called into question. The outlines of the different types of proximities have become blurred, and the traditional proximity relations are being replaced by more contrasted relations, in which long-distance interactions and distrust towards one|s neighbours are promoted by the constant development of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT). This paper aims to analyse the respective role of ICT-based exchanges and of those that are made during face-to-face interactions in cooperation between firms engaged in long-distance collaborations. We base our theoretical considerations on various examples, which are based on the result of field research studies from our own work and then reformatted. We use them as stylised facts.

Keywords: geographical proximity; organised proximity; collaboration; long-distance projects; collaborative projects; temporary proximity; neighbours; contrasted relations; long-distance interactions; distrust; ICT; information technology; communications technology; face-to-face interactions; cooperation; foresight; innovation policies; innovative business resources; economic development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJFIP.2011.040075

International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 2011 Vol.7 No.1/2/3, pp.213 - 230

Published online: 13 May 2011 *

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