Title: Using a multi-level framework to understand individual fortunes: an illustration for individual labour market outcomes

Authors: Scott Baum, William F. Mitchell

Addresses: Griffith School of Environment, Griffith University, 170 Kessels Road, Nathan, Queensland 4111, Australia. ' Centre of Full Employment and Equity, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, New South Wales 2308, Australia

Abstract: Questions regarding the appropriate level of scale for policy intervention are an important issue for policy stakeholders. The re-emergence of the debate between people and place based policy in recent years has helped frame these questions and in particular has raised issues regarding the most appropriate level of policy focus. This paper contributes to this debate by using a broad notion of employability to drive a conceptual understanding of labour market outcomes and illustrates this with an empirical example. The paper concludes by arguing that labour market policy needs to focus on both people and place based approaches.

Keywords: labour underutilisation; employability; labour markets; people and place; multi-level frameworks; individual fortunes; market outcomes; levels of scale; policy intervention; policy stakeholders; policy focus; Australia; foresight; innovation policies; innovative business resources; economic development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJFIP.2011.040066

International Journal of Foresight and Innovation Policy, 2011 Vol.7 No.1/2/3, pp.56 - 71

Published online: 13 May 2011 *

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