Title: Estimation, characterisation and management of solid wastes in Bhimtal (a tourist destination) in Kumaun Central Himalaya, India

Authors: Rajesh Kumar Lohchab, Devendra K. Agrawal, C.P. Kaushik

Addresses: Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar 125001, Haryana, India. ' Ecological Economics and Environmental Impact Analysis Core, G.B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora-263643, Uttarakhand, India. ' Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Guru Jambheshwar University of Science and Technology, Hisar, 125001, Haryana, India

Abstract: Solid waste is one of the major environmental problems, mostly around tourist spots, in Himalaya. This study was carried out at Bhimtal in June 2006. About 1319.70 kg/day solid waste is generated at Bhimtal encompassing 63.38% kitchen waste, 18.24% paper, 11.27% plastic, 5.18% glass and 1.93% metal. In the absence of proper scientific management approach, there is open dumping of wastes on roadsides or burning at collection points. The wastes/products directly or indirectly find their way into lake from nearby area or water bodies of Lake Catchment. This may adversely affect the environment including lake water quality and ultimately human health in the catchment area.

Keywords: Bhimtal; Himalayas; India; tourism; solid waste management; waste disposal; waste collection; waste characterisation; environmental problems; tourist destinations; water quality; water pollution; human health.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEWM.2011.039471

International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2011 Vol.7 No.3/4, pp.305 - 315

Available online: 06 Apr 2011 *

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