Title: Probabilistic analysis of an automotive body-door system

Authors: A. Kloess, Z.P. Mourelatos, P.R. Meernik

Addresses: Vehicle Development Research Lab, General Motors Research and Development Centre, M/C: 480 106 256, 30500 Mound Rd., Warren, MI 48090-9055, USA. ' Research and Development Centre, M/C: 480 106 256, 30500 Mound Rd., Warren, MI 48090-9055, USA. ' Research and Development Centre, M/C: 480 106 256, 30500 Mound Rd., Warren, MI 48090-9055, USA

Abstract: A math-based method is described for including design and process variation and uncertainty into the assessment of a product|s performance. The computational efficiency and accuracy of several probabilistic methods are demonstrated using an automotive body-door system. The performance of the body-door system is assessed with respect to freedom from wind noise and water leaks and acceptable door closing effort using Monte Carlo simulations, advanced mean value plus, and adaptive importance sampling techniques. Physics-based models for calculating body-door seal gap and door closing energy are used to determine a design|s performance in terms of freedom from wind noise and water leaks and acceptable door closing effort. To reduce the computation time, response surface approximations are created as an alternative to the more complex physics-based models. The accuracy of the approximate probabilistic techniques is evaluated by comparing their results to probabilities obtained from Monte Carlo simulations.

Keywords: probabilistic methods; response surface; kriging; reliability analysis; automobile idustry; product performance evaluation; body-door system.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVD.2004.003896

International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2004 Vol.34 No.2, pp.101 - 125

Published online: 10 May 2004 *

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