Title: Investigation of the applicability of Design for X tools during design concept evolution: a literature review

Authors: Ming-Chuan Chiu, Gul E. Okudan Kremer

Addresses: Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 213 Hammond Building, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA. ' School of Engineering Design and Department of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University, 213 Hammond Building, University Park, Pennsylvania 16802, USA

Abstract: Despite the availability of numerous ||Design for X (DfX)|| concepts/methods, their application is challenging for two reasons: because methods have been developed with different foci (e.g., manufacturing vs. quality), it is difficult to know how different methods complement each other; in what sequence and where at the design stage they should be applied. We address this challenge with a review of DfX methods with recommended design stages for their use from the published literature. We also provide a thematic clustering for their application along with a maturity index for each DfX concept.

Keywords: design for X; engineering design; design process; DFX structure; design for efficiency; green design; DFX maturity index; design concept evolution; product design; product development.

DOI: 10.1504/IJPD.2011.038869

International Journal of Product Development, 2011 Vol.13 No.2, pp.132 - 167

Received: 30 Jul 2009
Accepted: 19 May 2010

Published online: 04 Mar 2011 *

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