Title: Resolution of international water conflicts: from the US Southwest to the Euphrates River basin states

Authors: Hussein A. Amery, Karen B. Wiley

Addresses: The Petroleum Institute, P.O. Box 2533, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. ' Colorado School of Mines, 1500 Ilinois Street, Golden, CO 80401, USA

Abstract: Environmental security models predict that natural resource scarcities, in particular freshwater, can increase the probability of conflict within and between countries. This is an especially critical problem on internationally shared rivers in the arid Middle East. Riparians in the arid US west have long relied on interstate water compacts to manage their interstate waters effectively and to resolve their conflicts peacefully. This paper identifies a hitherto ignored research path. It lays out the rationale for systematically analysing the strategies used in the US compacts in order to derive conflict-mitigating approaches that could be adapted to the Euphrates River basin states.

Keywords: water management; water allocation; Middle East; Euphrates River; western US rivers; treaties; interstate compacts; conflict resolution.

DOI: 10.1504/IJGENVI.2003.003865

International Journal of Global Environmental Issues, 2003 Vol.3 No.2, pp.226 - 239

Published online: 27 Jan 2004 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article