Title: Social capital and new business start-ups: the moderating effect of human capital

Authors: Lars Ronning

Addresses: Nordland Research Institute, N-8049 Bodo, Norway

Abstract: This paper adds to the literature on social capital and entrepreneurship. Along with human capital, social capital is perceived as resources that trigger and drive the entrepreneurial process. The network success hypothesis articulates social capital as a driver of entrepreneurial success, while the compensation hypothesis states that social capital compensates entrepreneurs for lack of human capital or financial capital. In this study the compensation hypothesis is tested by hypothesising moderating effects of human capital on the association between social capital and entrepreneurial activity. The results from logistic regression analysis applied on a sample of 712 Norwegian farm households show that farming experience and partly education diminish the positive associations found between social capital variables and entrepreneurial activity. Former start-up experience did not show significant moderating effects.

Keywords: entrepreneurial activity; human capital; farm households; farming; agriculture; farms; new businesses; business start-ups; moderating effects; network success; compensation hypothesis; financial capital; finance; logistic regression analysis; Norway; education; social capital variables; small and medium-sized enterprises; SMEs; entrepreneurs; entrepreneurship.

DOI: 10.1504/IJESB.2011.038537

International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 2011 Vol.12 No.2, pp.207 - 226

Available online: 10 Feb 2011 *

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