Title: Evaluation of public research by Japanese industry: the importance of knowledge transfer pass on public-private research collaboration
Authors: Daisuke Kanama
Addresses: National Institute of Science and Technology Policy (NISTEP), 3-2-2, Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-0013, Japan
Abstract: Due to the recent trend towards the incorporation of increasingly advanced and complex technologies in high-tech products and services, the full benefit of these advanced technologies cannot be realised without access to adequate science-based knowledge. Consequently, the distance of university and industry has become closer. This paper focuses on recent trends in public-private research collaboration in Japan and examines the importance of information sources/activities from public research by assessing the results of a questionnaire survey for the industry. The main findings are that |discussions|, |cooperative research with the public sector| and |publications from public research| are the most useful information sources for industrial R&D, while |patents/licensing from public research| are the least. A serious mismatch is seen in incentives between the public sector and private sector on publicprivate collaboration and intellectual property transfer system.
Keywords: knowledge transfer; public sector; research evaluation; cooperative research; information sources; public-private research; research collaboration; Japan; complex technologies; high-tech products; high-tech services; science-based knowledge; universities; higher education; industry; industrial R&D; research and development; patents; intellectual property; licensing; incentives; private sector; technology transfer; commercialisation; Kyoto Protocol; United Nations; UN; framework conventions; climate change; global warming; treaties; UNFCCC.
International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 2011 Vol.10 No.1, pp.81 - 92
Received: 28 Oct 2008
Accepted: 09 Jul 2009
Published online: 07 Feb 2011 *