Authors: Marilyn A. Brown, Benjamin K. Sovacool
Addresses: School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Room 312, DM Smith Building, 685 Cherry Street, Atlanta, GA 30332-0345, USA. ' Centre on Asia and Globalisation, Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, 469C Bukit Timah Road, 259772, Singapore
Abstract: Based on an extensive literature review and research interviews of energy experts, this article asks: what are the remaining impediments to clean energy systems and how can a Post-Kyoto Protocol climate framework be designed to overcome them? The article begins by exploring commercially available |clean| energy systems and practices relating to energy end-use and infrastructure, energy supply, carbon capture and storage, and non-CO2 related greenhouse gas emissions. The article then examines a selection of persistent financial, market, information and intellectual property barriers. Lastly, it articulates the implication of these barriers for the design of future national and international climate change policies.
Keywords: energy policies; renewable energy; energy efficiency; carbon capture; carbon sequestration; climate-friendly technologies; technology diffusion; clean energy; energy end-use; energy infrastructure; energy supply; carbon storage; carbon dioxide; greenhouse gases; GHGs; gas emissions; financial barriers; market barriers; information barriers; intellectual property barriers; technology transfer; commercialisation; Kyoto Protocol; United Nations; UN; framework conventions; climate change; global warming; treaties; UNFCCC.
International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 2011 Vol.10 No.1, pp.43 - 62
Received: 26 Jan 2009
Accepted: 12 Jul 2009
Published online: 07 Feb 2011 *