Title: Building digital life stories for memory support

Authors: Basel Kikhia, Josef Hallberg, Johan E. Bengtsson, Stefan Savenstedt, Kare Synnes

Addresses: Lulea University of Technology, SE-971 87 Lulea, Sweden. ' Lulea University of Technology, SE-971 87 Lulea, Sweden. ' InterNIT, Parkvagen 2, SE-972 53 Lulea, Sweden. ' Lulea University of Technology, SE-971 87 Lulea, Sweden. ' Lulea University of Technology, SE-971 87 Lulea, Sweden

Abstract: The number of persons suffering from dementia is increasing, and there is significant human and economic value to gain by enabling them to keep living independently in their homes. The top priority unmet need is for memory support. This paper introduces context-awareness and life-logging in a system using reminiscence therapy methods, embodied as an ICT memory aid for recording past, current and future activities, which can later be recalled. The tool may help build or maintain episodic memories and self-image, although evidence in this area is lacking. It is designed to also give direct and instrumental support in other priority needs areas. A prototype design is described for a system that is by necessity extremely easy to use, with a touch screen computer in the home and mobile devices for data capture and cognitive support. The main life-log entities associated with the logged activities are places, persons, personal items, and recorded media. Privacy, trust and dignity are key ethical issues.

Keywords: digital life stories; memory support; assistive technology; life logging; context awareness; reminiscence methods; dementia; home care; ICT memory aid; information technology; communications technology; activity recording; episodic memories; self-image; touch screen; mobile devices; privacy; trust; dignity; ethical issues; healthcare technology; e-healthcare; electronic healthcare; personal reminiscences.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCIH.2010.037460

International Journal of Computers in Healthcare, 2010 Vol.1 No.2, pp.161 - 176

Available online: 13 Dec 2010 *

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