Title: Dispersive transport in porous media with biofilms: local mass equilibrium in simple unit cells
Authors: B.D. Wood, F. Golfier, M. Quintard
Addresses: Environmental Engineering, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331, USA. ' Laboratoire Environnement, Geomecanique et Ouvrages, LAEGO – ENSG – INPL, Rue du Doyen Marcel Roubault, BP 40, 54501 Vandoeuvre-les-Nancy, France. ' Institut de Mecanique des Fluides, Allee du Professeur Camille Soula, 31400 Toulouse, France
Abstract: In this work, we continue our study of upscaling biofilm processes in porous media from the pore scale to the Darcy scale. We adopt a continuum-level description of biofilms at the pore scale on the basis of work reported in Wood et al. (2002b). We upscale from the pore scale to the Darcy scale using the method of volume averaging and we predict the effective dispersion tensor with two- and three-dimensional closure problems. Our results indicate that, for a one-equation local mass equilibrium theory, the primary influence of the biofilm is that the effective diffusion coefficient is smaller than it would be without the presence of biofilm. This effect is important primarily at low Peclet numbers.
Keywords: porous media; biofilms; dispersion; local mass equilibrium; averaging; homogenisation.
International Journal of Environment and Waste Management, 2011 Vol.7 No.1/2, pp.24 - 48
Published online: 05 Dec 2010 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article