Title: Power sources for nanotechnology

Authors: Aimee E. Curtright, Peter J. Bouwman, Ryan C. Wartena, Karen E. Swider-Lyons

Addresses: Naval Research Laboratory, Code 6171, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375-5342, USA. ' Naval Research Laboratory, Code 6171, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375-5342, USA. ' Naval Research Laboratory, Code 6171, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375-5342, USA. ' Naval Research Laboratory, Code 6171, 4555 Overlook Avenue SW, Washington, DC 20375-5342, USA

Abstract: Nanoscale power sources are critical to the success of nanodevices. Potential nanotechnology applications range from molecular electronics to medical treatment to remote sensing. Despite the limited research to date and the complexities of the problem, nanoscale power sources may be developed with inspiration from microscale and molecular/biological power sources, and they can be fabricated with new and emerging fabrication techniques. Recent progress toward microscale power is surveyed herein, and limitations are noted. Finally, several nanoscale power source schemes are described which can provide direction for future research efforts.

Keywords: power sources; nanopower; nanofuel; nanotechnology.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNT.2004.003726

International Journal of Nanotechnology, 2004 Vol.1 No.1/2, pp.226 - 239

Available online: 03 Dec 2003 *

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