Title: The current revolution in new materials: opportunities for the developing world

Authors: Pradeep Rohatgi

Addresses: Department of Materials, University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin 53201, USA

Abstract: The lack of availability of materials in developing countries is presented and the benefits to the poor of abundant, low-cost renewable materials are outlined. It is argued that recent advances in materials science and materials technology should be directed toward helping third-world countries to meet the more important human needs of their increasing populations. Technological developments that would increase the availability of materials, enhance their performance and facilitate recycling are reviewed and the economic use of materials and energy in materials processing are discussed. Policy initiatives recommended include the setting up of mechanisms for monitoring technology, the establishment of centres of excellence and the provision of opportunities for technological exchange.

Keywords: per capita availability; inequitable distribution; materials technology; human needs; improve materials performance; abundant renewable resources; low-cost materials; low-energy materials; recyclable materials; miniaturisation; substitution; materials processing; bioprocessing; strategic materials replacement; technology transfer; technology monitoring; technology forecasting; technology exchange; centres of excellence; recycling; developing countries.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMPT.1991.036631

International Journal of Materials and Product Technology, 1991 Vol.6 No.2, pp.131 - 142

Published online: 05 Nov 2010 *

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