Title: Distance learning standards: technologies and challenges

Authors: Timothy K. Shih, Hui-Huang Hsu, Pao-Ta Yu, David J.T. Yang, Jui-Hung Chen, Wen-Chih Chang

Addresses: College of Computer Science, Asia University, No. 500, Lioufeng Rd., Wufeng, Taichung County 41354, Taiwan, ROC. ' Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Tamkang University, Taipei, Taiwan, ROC. ' Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, National Chung-Cheng University, Taiwan, ROC. ' Department of Digital Media Design, School of Design, Ming Chuan University, 5 De Ming Rd., Gui Shan District, Taoyuan County 333, Taiwan, ROC. ' Department of Computer Science and Information Engineering, Tamkang University, Taiwan, ROC. ' Department of Information Management, Chung Hua University, Taiwan, ROC

Abstract: Distance learning involves a few computer and network technologies. Recent studies indicate that it is necessary to investigate the standards of contents, platforms, and communications for the use of distance education. In this paper, we discuss a few standards developed by different consortiums. We then focus on the discussion of Sharable Content Object Reference Model (SCORM), which is an asynchronous distance learning standard developed by the Advanced Distributed Learning (ADL) initiative. The SCORM specification include three parts: the Content Aggregation Model (CAM) which defines representations of course materials, the Run-Time Environment (RTE) which discusses communication protocols between course content and the server platform, and the simple sequence specification which controls interaction of users. We point out some important issues for the developers and researchers in the conclusion section.

Keywords: distance education; SCORM; distance learning standards; asynchronous distance learning; XML; simple sequencing specification; web-based training; web applications; e-learning; electronic learning; online learning.

DOI: 10.1504/IJASS.2010.034105

International Journal of Applied Systemic Studies, 2010 Vol.3 No.2, pp.137 - 148

Published online: 12 Jul 2010 *

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