Authors: Z. Liu, M.Z. Kwiatkowska, C.C. Constantinou
Addresses: School of Computer Science, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. ' School of Computer Science, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK. ' Department of Electronic Electrical and Computer Engineering, The University of Birmingham, Birmingham, B15 2TT, UK
Abstract: We present an Emergent Ad hoc Routing Algorithm with QoS provisioning (EARA-QoS). This ad hoc Quality-of-Service (QoS) routing algorithm is based on a swarm intelligence inspired routing infrastructure. In this algorithm, the principle of swarm intelligence is used to evolutionally maintain routing information. The biological concept of stigmergy is applied in the process of route maintenance to reduce the amount of control traffic. This algorithm adopts the cross-layer optimisation concept to use parameters from different layers to determine routing avoiding congestion areas. A lightweight QoS scheme is proposed to provide service-classified traffic control based on the data packet characteristics. The simulation results show that this novel routing algorithm performs well in a variety of network conditions.
Keywords: MANETs; mobile ad hoc networks; multi-path routing; load balancing; swarm intelligence; QoS routing; quality of service; mobile networks; stigmergy; cross-layer optimisation; network traffic control; simulation.
International Journal of Wireless and Mobile Computing, 2010 Vol.4 No.2, pp.64 - 75
Published online: 07 May 2010 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article