Title: A limited review of finite element models developed for brain injury biomechanics research

Authors: King H. Yang, Albert I. King

Addresses: Bioengineering Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA. Bioengineering Center, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48202, USA

Abstract: In this paper, finite element models developed at Wayne State University to study impact injury biomechanics of the human brain were reviewed. The complexity of these models has been augmented significantly over the years in order to allow each new version of the model to address additional clinical phenomena or to make site-specific correlation between the computer model and biological data. Even though all available data have been used for validation of the latest model, it can only be considered partially validated because there is a lack of quantitative data for a complete validation. Nevertheless, useful information has been derived from model predictions. New and higher quality experimental or real world data are needed for making continued improvement to computer models so that they can accurately predict the risk of brain injury in a given impact.

Keywords: finite element model; FEM; injury tolerance; intracranial pressure; traumatic brain injury; biomechanics.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVD.2003.003240

International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2003 Vol.32 No.1/2, pp.116 - 129

Published online: 20 Aug 2003 *

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