Title: Pedestrian head protection from car impacts

Authors: Jikuang Yang

Addresses: Crash Safety Division, Chalmers University of Technology, SE-412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden

Abstract: This paper aimed at investigating countermeasures for the head protection of the pedestrians involved in car front impacts. A validated human-body mathematical model was used as a pedestrian substitute in computer simulations of car-pedestrian impacts. The pedestrian head responses to the bonnet top impacts were studied in terms of head injury related parameters that were used to evaluate the risk of pedestrian injuries in vehicle impacts. The influence of the bonnet to responses of the pedestrian head was analysed with varying car-front parameters. Furthermore, the possible protective system was presented.

Keywords: car-pedestrian impact; computer simulation; head protection.

DOI: 10.1504/IJVD.2003.003234

International Journal of Vehicle Design, 2003 Vol.32 No.1/2, pp.16 - 27

Published online: 19 Aug 2003 *

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