Title: Effects of musical tempo on multiple subjective impressions

Authors: Makoto Fukumoto, Kazuhisa Matsuo

Addresses: Faculty of Information Engineering, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, 3-30-1 Wajiro-Higashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 811-0295, Japan. ' Faculty of Information Engineering, Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Fukuoka Institute of Technology, 3-30-1 Wajiro-Higashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka 811-0295, Japan

Abstract: In this study, referring to the previous studies have investigated inverted U-shape in psychological responses for musical tempo, we investigated: 1) change in 10 impressions for musical tempi; 2) effects of musical tempo near to listener|s heart rate on the impressions. The subjects participated in seven sets of the listening experiments different from their musical tempo. Regression analysis and Friedman test were applied for the impression values. Inverted U-shapes were observed in most of the impressions. Furthermore, significant relationship between both of |relaxation| and |beauty| impressions and musical tempo nearest to each subject|s heart rate were observed.

Keywords: music; musical tempo; subjective impressions; relaxation; beauty; heart rate; inverted U-shape; regression analysis; arrangement; Kansei; semantic differential method; psychological responses.

DOI: 10.1504/IJBM.2010.031792

International Journal of Biometrics, 2010 Vol.2 No.2, pp.124 - 133

Published online: 24 Feb 2010 *

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