Title: From demonstration to diffusion: the gap in Japan's environmental technology cooperation with China
Authors: Stephanie B. Ohshita, Leonard Ortolano
Addresses: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA. Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305, USA
Abstract: A programme for cleaner coal technology (CCT) cooperation with China under Japan|s Green Aid Plan (GAP) has the stated goal of promoting CCT diffusion through demonstration projects. The alignment of interests among Japanese and Chinese government officials and Japanese technology providers has facilitated demonstration projects of Japanese CCT, but it has not led to diffusion of the technologies to other Chinese enterprises. The selection of Japanese CCT to transfer was based largely on analysis of technical feasibility and Chinese government policies, not on economic assessment of diffusion potential among Chinese industrial enterprises. With its emphasis on demonstration project construction, the GAP CCT program gave limited attention to operation and maintenance, a subject of paramount importance to potential CCT adopters. In addition, GAP contained relatively few mechanisms explicitly focused on promoting technology diffusion. The paper notes recent changes in program design and suggests additional changes that could promote GAP technology diffusion in China.
Keywords: technology transfer; technology diffusion; environmental cooperation; China; Japan; clean coal technology; energy; air pollution.
International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 2003 Vol.2 No.4, pp.351-368
Published online: 13 Jul 2003 *Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article