Title: Critical success factors and barriers to technology transfer: case studies and implications

Authors: Andrew O. Martyniuk, Ravi K. Jain, Harry J. Stone

Addresses: Center for Environmental Assessment and Policy, College of Engineering, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221-0071, USA. University of the Pacific, Stockton, CA 95211, USA. Battelle Memorial Institute, Cincinnati, OH 45202, USA

Abstract: Through several federal laws first enacted in 1980, the US Government has attempted to foster the commercialisation of technologies developed in federal laboratories. The utilisation of joint development agreements between government laboratories and commercial partners has helped to move new technologies into the marketplace. However, many new technologies continue to be developed in federal laboratories with only a small percentage successfully entering the commercial marketplace. Detailed case studies of new environmental technologies that have emerged from government laboratories and successfully penetrated the commercial marketplace suggest a mix of factors extrinsic and intrinsic to the technology itself that ultimately could determine the commercial success of a particular technology.

Keywords: technology evaluation method; commercial potential; market opportunity assessment/analysis (MOA); commercialisation; technology transfer; technology diffusion; Federal Technology Transfer Act; CRADA; research and development (R&D).

DOI: 10.1504/IJTTC.2003.003173

International Journal of Technology Transfer and Commercialisation, 2003 Vol.2 No.3, pp.306-327

Published online: 13 Jul 2003 *

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