Title: Investment and capitalisation of firms in the USA

Authors: Woodrow W. Clark II, Istemi Demrig

Addresses: Department of International Business, Aalborg University, Denmark and State Government of California, Sacramento, CA, USA. Department Accounting/ Finance, Management School, Queen's University, Belfast, UK

Abstract: In the USA today, the precipitous rise of new financial mechanisms for capitalisation of firms as well as the merger and acquisition of others, especially risk equity capital through venture capitalist and investment banking, has sparked growth and helped to bring the economy out of the 1990s recession into a robust continuous growth pattern well positioned for the next century. The scenario is not new. For the venture capitalists of ||Silicon Valley|| in California, the experience is not new. They have seen the new industries arise before, like a phoenix from ashes of ruin, despair and even failure. Venture capital poured into high tech start-up companies has been an enormous source of financial support for the entrepreneurs who head new and growing companies. The mid-1990s marked the most dramatic increase yet recorded. Indicators, such as the NASDAQ document, outlined the solid and continuous growth in high tech industries. The paper discusses investment in US corporations within the context of governance and management of the company. Discussion about the various forms of finance are related to the organisation and management of the US corporation. Critical to any firm today are its ability to find innovative, new products or services. A growing literature on resource-base framework for analysis will be discussed as part of the firm|s development of research for commercialisation. The results of a recent survey further shed light on the relationship between corporate financial management and allocated resources for research and development as the ||engine|| for new product development and therefore corporate market share and growth. The conclusion is that more financial mechanisms will be created and changed within US corporate systems to adjust, grow, and expand companies in the global economic arena, as the inevitable economic pattern leads to mergers, consolidations, and increasing cooperation and alliances among firms.

Keywords: innovation; entrepreneurs; firm; venture capital; corporate finance; financial mechanisms.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.2002.003062

International Journal of Technology Management, 2002 Vol.24 No.4, pp.391-418

Published online: 11 Jul 2003 *

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