Authors: Eliezer Geisler
Addresses: Stuart Graduate School of Business, Illinois Institute of Technology, 565 W. Adams Street, Chicago, IL 60661 USA
Abstract: The complexities of technology generation, transfer, and commercialisation processes have always gravely taxed the way we measure and assess them. This paper reviews the existing metrics for evaluation of science and technology, with emphasis on evaluation of industrial R&D and technology. Among the categories of metrics, this paper reviews econometric methods, patents, process methods, and bibliometric methods. The paper also reviews models of the innovation continuum, in an effort to link such models to the metrics categories. Based on the review of the state of the art, the paper proposes future directions for the development and the application of metrics of technology evaluation. A process-outcomes stage model is outlined and its advantages are listed. This stage-model is suggested as a more effective method to evaluate R&D and technology along the entire innovation continuum.
Keywords: technology; evaluation; R&D; industrial innovation; process model; metrics.
International Journal of Technology Management, 2002 Vol.24 No.4, pp.341-374
Published online: 11 Jul 2003 *Full-text access for editors Full-text access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article