Title: A bushfire monitoring and detection system for smart homes using ZigBee technology

Authors: Ying Sun, Quan Yuan, Said Al-Sarawi

Addresses: Centre for High Performance Integrated Technologies – CHiPTec, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia. ' Centre for High Performance Integrated Technologies – CHiPTec, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia. ' Centre for High Performance Integrated Technologies – CHiPTec, School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia

Abstract: This paper describes the part of a smart monitoring system that uses ZigBee modules to communicate sensory information in case of a fire or bushfire. The proposed system is composed of two parts: A number of remote boards that collect temperature and humidity; and a host board that contains the same type of sensors as the remote board, in addition to wind speed and wind directions sensors. The proposed system can be used for monitoring and detection of both bushfire and fire in and around a house. The host board position and sensory information collected from the remote boards are combined, stored and processed by a microcontroller. The host board performs further processing on the collected sensory information and communicates it to a control room wirelessly using a long range wireless communication such as wireless local area network (WLAN) or general packet radio service (GPRS). The system components and performance are also described.

Keywords: bushfires; ZigBee; distributed sensors; global positioning systems; GPS; microcontrollers; remote monitoring; bushfire monitoring; smart monitoring; early warning systems; humidity sensors; temperature sensors; wind speed; wind direction; wireless communications; wireless LANs; local area networks; WLANs; general packet radio service; GPRS.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCAET.2010.030547

International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2010 Vol.2 No.2/3, pp.234 - 249

Available online: 21 Dec 2009 *

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