Title: A smart bushfire monitoring and detection system using GSM technology

Authors: Liu Liu, Rong Sun, Ying Sun, Said Al-Sarawi

Addresses: School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia. ' School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia. ' School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia. ' School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia

Abstract: This paper describes a smart bushfire monitoring system that can provide an early warning message in case of a bushfire. The system utilises short message service through global system for mobile (GSM) communication technology as a medium of communication. The device is composed of a temperature and humidity sensors that are connected to a microcontroller. The microcontroller also interfaces with a GPS receiver to report the module position and a GSM module to communicate the sensory information. This message can then be collected by either another mobile phone or SMS server for further action or processing. The details of the device architecture, developed algorithms, and performance are provided.

Keywords: bushfires; global positioning systems; GPS; global system for mobile; GSM communications; microcontrollers; remote monitoring; bushfire monitoring; smart monitoring; early warning systems; short message service; SMS; humidity sensors; temperature sensors; mobile phones; cell phones.

DOI: 10.1504/IJCAET.2010.030546

International Journal of Computer Aided Engineering and Technology, 2010 Vol.2 No.2/3, pp.218 - 233

Available online: 21 Dec 2009 *

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