Title: The interplay of monetary and fiscal policies in a multinational currency union

Authors: Marcelo Sanchez

Addresses: European Central Bank, Kaiserstrasse 29, D-60311 Frankfurt am Main, Germany

Abstract: In our multi-country currency union model, national fiscal authorities free ride on the single monetary authority, which leads to higher interest rate variability. We carry out welfare comparisons between monetary autonomy and currency union, assessing the sensitivity of results around calibrated parameter values. Under country-specific demand and supply disturbances, monetary union stabilisation is hampered by steeper supply slopes, a greater preference for price stability, governments| stronger fiscal objective focus and a higher sensitiveness of aggregate demand to real exchange rates. Sensitivity results are ambiguous for country size. Supply-driven small open economies may benefit from maintaining monetary sovereignty.

Keywords: monetary union; stabilisation; currencies; interest rate variability; monetary autonomy; currency union; calibrated parameter values; money supply; price stability; aggregate demand; exchange rates; sovereignty; welfare comparisons; small open economies; fiscal policies; monetary economics; finance.

DOI: 10.1504/IJMEF.2010.030035

International Journal of Monetary Economics and Finance, 2010 Vol.3 No.1, pp.33 - 49

Published online: 03 Dec 2009 *

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