Title: The shaping of European immigration policy during the past decade

Authors: Martin A. Schain

Addresses: Department of Politics, New York University, 19 W. 4th Street, New York, NY 10012, USA

Abstract: The process set in place in 1999 in Tampere anticipated the development of supranational decision-making in the development of immigration policy. Nevertheless, there has been an accelerating process of intergovernmental agreements, not only around border control, but also around integration and visa controls. While the supra-national initiatives by the Commission that have dealt with the harmonisation of immigration policies have generally languished, the intergovernmental initiatives that have focused on enhanced immigration control and security considerations, and have made considerable progress.

Keywords: supra-national decision making; intergovernmental cooperation; European Commission; European Council; Council of Ministers; Schengen Agreement; anti-discrimination policy; Treaty of Amsterdam; policy convergence; venue shopping; Tampere; immigration control; border controls; policy harmonisation; security; immigration policies; visas.

DOI: 10.1504/IJEBR.2010.029732

International Journal of Economics and Business Research, 2010 Vol.2 No.1/2, pp.112 - 124

Published online: 01 Dec 2009 *

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