Title: I-V characteristics of multi-walled carbon nanotubes synthesised using ECR-CVD

Authors: Karunapati Tripathi, M. Husain, M. Zulfequar, Zishan H. Khan

Addresses: Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), Maulana Mohmad Ali Jauhar Marg, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110025, India. ' Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), Maulana Mohmad Ali Jauhar Marg, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110025, India. ' Department of Physics, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), Maulana Mohmad Ali Jauhar Marg, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110025, India. ' Department of Applied Sciences and Humanities, Jamia Millia Islamia (Central University), Maulana Mohmad Ali Jauhar Marg, Jamia Nagar, New Delhi, 110025, India; Centre for Nanotechnology, King Abdul Aziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Abstract: Multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) are synthesised at a temperature of 650°C and 700°C by electron cyclotron resonance plasma chemical vapour deposition (ECR-CVD). These MWCNTs have been grown on Si substrate using a thin film of Fe as a catalyst, which is coated by RF-sputtering. Acetylene is used as a source of carbon and plasma was created by argon gas. Ammonia is used to etch away amorphous carbon produced by plasma exposure. From the SEM image, it was observed that the length and diameter of MWCNTs varies from 70 nm to 150 nm and 35 nm to 40 nm respectively. The I-V characteristics have been performed by two-probe method under a vacuum of 10−3 torr at room temperature. On the basis of I-V characteristics, it is concluded that these CNTs show the semiconducting behaviour at all the temperatures.

Keywords: carbon nanotubes; CNTs; MWCNTs; catalyst film; I-V characteristics; scanning electron microscopy; SEM; RF sputtering; nanotechnology; nanomaterials; electron cyclotron resonance plasma; chemical vapour deposition; ECR; CVD.

DOI: 10.1504/IJNP.2009.028736

International Journal of Nanoparticles, 2009 Vol.2 No.1/2/3/4/5/6, pp.58-65

Published online: 30 Sep 2009 *

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