Title: New piezoelectric sensors with Gall Bladder stone material

Authors: V.R. Singh, Kanika Singh

Addresses: National Physical Laboratory, New Delhi 110012, India; Korea University, Seoul/Jochiwon, South Korea. ' MEMS Tech Centre, Pusan National University, Busan, South Korea; SOET, IGNOU, New Delhi 110068, India

Abstract: Gall Bladder (GB) stones are studied as new sensor materials for biomedical and other applications. The GB material samples are analysed for knowing their chemical composition by using an X-Ray diffractometry and other techniques. α-Quartz is found to be present prominently in these stones to exhibit their piezoelectric (PZT) property, which is utilised to develop new PZT sensors for biomedical and other applications. This is an expanded version of a paper presented at the 3rd IEEE International Workshop on Medical Measurements and Applications, 9–10 May 2008, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Keywords: gall bladder; gall stones; renal calculi; X-ray diffractometry; piezoelectrics; PZT; Raman spectra; alpha-quartz; sensors; biomedical standards.

DOI: 10.1504/IJAMC.2009.026859

International Journal of Advanced Media and Communication, 2009 Vol.3 No.1/2, pp.167 - 178

Published online: 27 Jun 2009 *

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