Title: The recent evidence of MNEs' involvement in achieving national competitiveness in developing countries: the case of Kazakhstan

Authors: Jung-Wan Lee, David Lal

Addresses: Administrative Sciences Department, Metropolitan College, Boston University, 808 Commonwealth Avenue, Boston, MA 02215, USA. ' Master Programmes Department, Kazakh-British Technical University, 59 Tole Bi, 05000 Almaty, Kazakhstan

Abstract: This study reviews the issue of foreign market entry by Multinational Enterprises (MNEs) and its effect in achieving national competitiveness of host countries, through the case of Kazakhstan, and considers policy implications for the nation. This study focuses on the following: the relationship between the operation of MNEs and the national gross domestic product growth; the relationship between MNEs| involvement and major industrial development of the country; and the relationship between FDI inflows and major economic activities in Kazakhstan. Descriptive analyses of secondary data are used in order to meet the research objectives, in particular, during the period of 2003-2006.

Keywords: internationalisation; globalisation; national competitiveness; MNEs; multinational enterprises; foreign market entry strategy; FDI; foreign direct investment; economic growth; business environment; WTO; World Trade Organization; Kazakhstan; developing countries; gross domestic product; GDP growth.

DOI: 10.1504/WREMSD.2009.026804

World Review of Entrepreneurship, Management and Sustainable Development, 2009 Vol.5 No.3, pp.271 - 285

Available online: 26 Jun 2009 *

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