Title: Mapping rurality: analysis of rural structure in Turkey

Authors: Aliye Ahu Gulumser, Tuzin Baycan-Levent, Peter Nijkamp

Addresses: Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Istanbul Technical University, Taskisla 34437, Istanbul, Turkey. ' Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Istanbul Technical University, Taskisla 34437, Istanbul, Turkey. ' Department of Spatial Economics, VU University, De Boelelaan 1105, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands

Abstract: The aim of this study is to describe the rural structure of Turkey on the basis of various rural indicators. The data and information used for evaluation of rurality are based mainly on the Turkish Statistical Institute (TURKSTAT) data. Factor analysis, one of the well-known multidimensional techniques is deployed to evaluate rural structure of Turkey while using geographical information system (GIS) based software ArcGIS to map out Turkey|s rurality based on the results of factor analysis. The results of the study show that Turkey is dominantly rural in terms of traditional meaning of rurality while stressing on divergences and differences between Turkey|s provinces. On the other hand, according to the results of the study, in terms of new definition of rural areas as a part of tourism sector, Turkey does not have a dominant rural character.

Keywords: rurality; sustainability; Turkey; rural areas; sustainable development; rural structure; tourism; rural character.

DOI: 10.1504/IJARGE.2009.026223

International Journal of Agricultural Resources, Governance and Ecology, 2009 Vol.8 No.2/3/4, pp.130 - 157

Published online: 29 May 2009 *

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