Title: International cooperation in science and technology: classical options and new opportunities for Africa

Authors: Klaus-Heinrich Standke

Addresses: Principal Director for Operational Activities, Science Sector, UNESCO, Paris; formerly Director, Office for Science and Technology, United Nations, New York, USA

Abstract: The First Congress in African Scientists was held in June 1987. This paper. presented at the Congress, reviews the international and regional efforts being made to assist the development of science and technology in Africa. One problem addressed by the author is the relatively low percentage of GNP expended by African nations on research and development, compared to the developed countries. Another is the extent to which developed countries may be expected to finance science and technology programmes in Africa.

Keywords: international cooperation; science and technology; development finance; Africa; research and development; R&D.

DOI: 10.1504/IJTM.1988.025980

International Journal of Technology Management, 1988 Vol.3 No.4, pp.439 - 460

Published online: 26 May 2009 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article