Title: Measurement and evaluation of technology transfer: review of technology transfer mechanisms and indicators
Authors: Erkko Autio, Tomi Laamanen
Addresses: Helsinki University of Technology, School of Information Science, Institute of Industrial Management, Otakaari 1 F, FIN-02150 Espoo, Finland ' Helsinki University of Technology, School of Information Science, Institute of Industrial Management, Otakaari 1 F, FIN-02150 Espoo, Finland
Abstract: The locus of industrial innovation is shifting toward industrial networks, in which parallel development processes in individual interconnected actors frequently dominate. This development presents new challenges for the measurement and evaluation of technology transfer. In this paper, various technology transfer mechanisms and indicators are classified and discussed. Technology transfer mechanisms and indicators are found to be phase, interface and component dependent. It is argued that process indicators should be further developed to complement the picture given by traditional input-output indicators of technology transfer.
Keywords: innovation; technology transfer measurement; technology transfer indicators; technology transfer mechanisms; technology interaction; technology transfer evaluation; industrial networks.
International Journal of Technology Management, 1995 Vol.10 No.7/8, pp.643 - 664
Published online: 23 May 2009 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article