Title: Research and innovation: Evaluation problems and procedures at different levels
Authors: Jacques De Bandt
Addresses: Director of Research, LATAPSES, CNRS, University of Nice-Sophia Antipolis, 250 avenue A. Einstein, 06560 Valbonne, France
Abstract: Evaluation problems and procedures are very diverse, because of the multidimensionality of research and innovation activities and processes. Account must be taken of the interdependence between the progress of knowledge concerning these activities and the evaluation instruments and procedures at the operational level. Some aspects of the evaluation problems are highlighted. It is first shown that the evaluation problems in the field of research and innovation are not exceptional, but are similar to those which are raised in all the informational service activities, because of the very nature of the |production process|. The emphasis is then put on the close interrelations between the decentralized and the collective or systemic dimensions of research and innovation processes. The fact is finally stressed that evaluations can be made at very different levels and that because of the multidimensionality stressed above, most evaluations are only partial.
Keywords: evaluation methods; evaluation procedures; informational activities; innovation processes; research evaluation; R&D evaluation; research and development.
International Journal of Technology Management, 1995 Vol.10 No.4/5/6, pp.365 - 377
Published online: 23 May 2009 *Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article