Title: Intellectual property protection in the countries of Africa
Authors: Abdulqawi A. Yusuf
Addresses: UNCTAD, United Nations, Room DC2-1120, 2 United Nations Plaza, New York, NY10017, USA
Abstract: This paper examines the state of intellectual property rights and their protection and exploitation in African countries. Listed are the coverage of intellectual property laws, the subject matter of protection and the scope of rights conferred. It is show that African legislation is generally comparable to that in developed countries with regard to terms of protection, compulsory licensing, subject matter and government and public interest use. A comparison is made between developed countries and African members of GATT in regard to fields excluded from protection. The results of surveys of some individual African countries give the extent of registration of patents and technology transfer to these countries. Finally, the possible impact of new legislation, especially in the context of the TRIPS negotiations of the Uruguay round, is considered.
Keywords: intellectual property rights; IPR; uniform standards; intellectual property protection; Paris convention; Berne convention; OAPI; ARIPO; licences of right; technology transfer; patent exploitation; time limits; excluded products; Africa; African legislation; TRIPS.
International Journal of Technology Management, 1995 Vol.10 No.2/3, pp.269 - 292
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