Title: Activated Carbons from lignocellulosic waste materials for water treatment: a review

Authors: S. Altenor, B. Carene-Melane, S. Gaspard

Addresses: Laboratoire COVACHIMM, EA 3592 Universite des Antilles et de la Guyane, BP 250, 97157 Pointe a Pitre Cedex, Guadeloupe, France; Laboratoire LAQUE, Universite Quisqueya, BP 796 Port-au-Prince, Haiti. ' Laboratoire COVACHIMM, EA 3592 Universite des Antilles et de la Guyane, BP 250, 97157 Pointe a Pitre Cedex. Guadeloupe, France. ' Laboratoire COVACHIMM, EA 3592 Universite des Antilles et de la Guyane, BP 250, 97157 Pointe a Pitre Cedex. Guadeloupe, France

Abstract: Activated Carbon (AC) adsorbents are commonly used to remove pollutants from water because of their excellent sorption ability. However, commercially available ACs are expensive. In developing countries where economy plays a very big role, it is better to find low-cost locally available precursors, which are renewable resources for the preparation of ACs. This review focuses on ACs prepared from agricultural wastes. The textural, chemical, physical and adsorptive properties of ACs prepared from each source are assessed.

Keywords: activated carbons; agricultural waste; dye adsorption; porosity; wastewater treatment; water pollution; developing countries; lignocellulosic waste materials; water quality.

DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2009.023737

International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 2009 Vol.10 No.3/4, pp.308 - 326

Published online: 09 Mar 2009 *

Full-text access for editors Access for subscribers Purchase this article Comment on this article