Title: Reducing water consumption in industry through flow analysis and simulation: a case study from India

Authors: M. Sartor, M. Kaschek, H. Chmiel

Addresses: Institute for Environmentally Compatible Process Technology, Im Stadtwald D 3.3, D-66123 Saarbrucken, Germany. ' Department of Process Technology, Saarland University, Im Stadtwald D 3.3, D-66123 Saarbrucken, Germany. ' Department of Process Technology, Saarland University, Im Stadtwald D 3.3, D-66123 Saarbrucken, Germany

Abstract: Increasing water shortages in some countries is forcing the industrial enterprises to secure their own supply of process water. Reducing water consumption and closing water cycles is essential in order to safeguard industrial water supply. The various ways of implementing water saving measures in a company can be highlighted via a status-quo analysis involving a simulation of the actual situation. This type of analysis was conducted in two industrial enterprises in India. It showed that water consumption could be reduced by 20% by the organisational procedures and by more than 50% through additional measures.

Keywords: closing water cycles; water consumption reduction; wastewater management; water stress; industrial water usage; flow analysis; simulation; India; process water; water shortages; water supply; water saving.

DOI: 10.1504/IJETM.2009.023734

International Journal of Environmental Technology and Management, 2009 Vol.10 No.3/4, pp.274 - 285

Published online: 09 Mar 2009 *

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