Title: Conceptualisation study for using RFID as a stand-alone vehicle positioning system

Authors: Samer S. Saab, Wassim Mhanna, Samir Saliba

Addresses: Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Lebanese American University, P.O. Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon. ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Lebanese American University, P.O. Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon. ' Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Lebanese American University, P.O. Box 36, Byblos, Lebanon

Abstract: This paper examines the possibility for using RFID technology as a complete stand-alone vehicle positioning system. The concept is based on the vehicle carrying an RFID reader, which reads RFID tags installed on the side of the vehicle path. Selection of the RFID reader, antenna and tags is studied based on the current RFID technology. A positioning system using a Kalman filter is proposed in order to estimate the vehicle position. The inputs of the proposed algorithm are the fixed distance between two consecutive tags and the erroneous measurements of the backscattered signal power propagated from nearby RFID tags. A numerical example is presented illustrating the performance of the proposed positioning system.

Keywords: radio frequency identification; RRFID reader; RFID antenna; RIFD tags; localisation; Kalman filter; vehicle positioning.

DOI: 10.1504/IJRFITA.2009.023480

International Journal of Radio Frequency Identification Technology and Applications, 2009 Vol.2 No.1/2, pp.27 - 45

Available online: 24 Feb 2009 *

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